Philip Roth, Premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Letras 2012. Newark, Nueva Jersey, 1933. Roth desde 1992 se dedica por completo a la literatura. Es autor de Goodbye, Columbus (1959; Seix Barral, 2007); El mal de Portnoy (1969; Seix Barral, 2007); Zuckerman encadenado (1985; Seix Barral, 2005); La contravida (1986; Seix Barral, 2006), National Book Critics Circle Award; Los hechos (1988; Seix Barral, 2008); Patrimonio (1991; Seix Barral, 2003), National Book Critics Circle Award; Operación Shylock (1993), PEN/Faulkner Awar

Algunas de sus novelas

El teatro de Sabbath (1995), National Book Award; Pastoral americana (1997), Pulitzer de Narrativa; Me casé con un comunista (1998), Ambassador Book Award; La mancha humana (2000), PEN/ Faulkner Award y W. H. Smith Literary Award en Gran Bretaña; El animal moribundo (2001); El oficio: un escritor, sus colegas y sus obras (2001; Seix Barral, 2003); La conjura contra América (2004); Elegía (2006), PEN/Faulkner Award; Sale el espectro (2007), e Indignación (2008).
En 1986 recibió la Medalla Nacional de las Artes, y en 2001 el más alto galardón que concede la Academia Norteamericana de las Artes y de las Letras, la Medalla de Oro de Narrativa, otorgada cada seis años a la totalidad de una obra.
American novelist and short story writer. Philip Roth first achieved fame with GOODBYE, COLUMBUS (1959). It consisted of a novella and five short stories and described the life of a of Jewish middle-class family. Ten years later appeared PORTNOY’S COMPLAINT. In this “masturbation story” the narrator searches for freedom by using sex as his way of escape. The book gained a great international success.Was born in Newark, New Jersey, which became the scene for his early novels. His father was an insurance salesman of Austro-Hungarian stock.
Later in PATRIMONY (1991) Roth portrayed his eighty-six-year-old father, who suffered from a brain tumor, but who still in his early eighties “had no difficulty convincing the wealthy widows… that he had only just reached seventy”. Roth attended Rutgers University for a year before transferring to Bucknell University.
He studied at the University of Chicago, receiving his M.A. in English. In 1955 Roth joined the army, but was discharged after an injury during his basic training period. Roth continued his studies in Chicago, and worked from 1955 to 1957 as an English teacher. He dropped out of the Ph.D. program in 1959 and started to write film reviews for the New Republic. In the same year appeared Goodbye, Columbus, which won the National Book Award, and was later filmed. Portnoy’s Complaintbecame in 1969 the number one best-seller.
Selected works:

‘Expect the Vandals’, 1958 (short story, first published in Esquire Magazine) – Film 1960: Battle of Blood Island, dir.  Roger Corman, starring Richard Devon, Ron Kennedy, Bickman/Rapp Productions

GOODBYE, COLUMBUS, AND FIVE SHORT STORIES, 1959 (National Book Award) – Hyvästi, Columbus (tr. into Finnish by Antero Tiusanen, 1970) / Ei sanasta miestä: viisi kertomusta (tr. into Finnish by Risto Lehmusoksa, 1972) – Film 1969, dir.  Larry Peece, starring Richard Benjamin, Ali MacGraw, prod. Paramount / Willow Tree (Stanley Jaffe)

LETTING GO, 1962

WHEN SHE WAS GOOD, 1967

PENGUIN MODERN STORIES 3, 1969 (with others)

PORTNOY’S COMPLAINT, 1969 – Portnoyn tauti (tr. into Finnish by Pentti Saarikoski, 1969) – Film 1972, dir.  Ernest Lehman, starring Richard Benjamin, Karen Black, Lee Grant, Chenault Productions

OUR GANG (STARRING TRICKY AND HIS FRIENDS, 1971 – Meidän jengi (tr. into Finnish by Risto Lehmusoksa, 1972)

THE BREAST, 1972 – Rinta (tr. into Finnish by  Pentti Saarikoski, 1973)

THE GREAT AMERICAN NOVEL, 1973

MY LIFE AS A MAN, 1974 – Miehen muotokuva (tr. into Finnish by Risto Lehmusoksa, 1976)

READING MYSELF AND OTHERS, 1975

THE PROFESSOR OF DESIRE, 1977 – Intohimon professori (tr. into Finnish by Pentti Saarikoski, 1978)

THE GHOST WRITER, 1979 – Haamukirjailija (tr. into Finnish by   Pentti Saarikoski, 1980) – TV film 1984, dir.  Tristram Powell, cast: Mark Linn-Baker as Nathan Zuckerman, Sam Wanamaker, Claire Bloom

NOVOTNY’S PAIN, 1980

A PHILIP ROTH READER, 1980

ZUCKERMAN UNBOUND, 1981 – Väärinymmärretty mies (tr. into Finnish by  Pentti Saarikoski, 1982)

THE ANATOMY LESSON, 1983 – Anatomian oppitunti (tr. into Finnish by Rauno Ekholm, 1985)

television play: THE GHOST WRITER, 1983

THE PRAGUE ORGY/ ZUCKERMAN BOUND, 1985

THE COUNTERLIFE, 1986 (National Book Critics Circle Award) – Käänteiselämää (tr. into Finnish by Kristiina Rikman, 1988)

THE FACTS: A NOVELIST’S AUTOBIOGRAPHY, 1988

DECEPTION, 1990

PATRIMONY, 1991 (National Book Critics Circle Award)

CONVERSATIONS WITH PHILIP ROTH, 1992

OPERATION SHYLOCK, 1993 (PEN/Faulkner Award)

THE CONVERSATION OF THE JEWS, 1993

A PHILIP ROTH READER, 1993

SABBATH’S THEATER, 1995 (National Book Award)

AMERICAN PASTORAL, 1997 (Pulitzer Prize) – Amerikkalainen pastoraali (tr. into Finnish by Kristiina Rikman, 2002) – Film 2009 (in production), dir. Phillip Noyce, screenplay John Romano

I MARRIED A COMMUNIST, 1998 – Mieheni oli kommunisti (tr. into Finnish by Kristiina Rikman, 2002)

THE HUMAN STAIN, 2000 (PEN/Faulkner Award) – Ihmisen tahra (tr. into Finnish by Kristiina Rikman, 2003) – Film 2003, dir.  Robert Benton, starring Anthony Hopkins, Nicole Kidman, Gary Sinise

THE DYING ANIMAL, 2001 – Film 2008: Elegy, dir.  Isabel Coixet, screenplay by Nicholas Meyer, starring Penélope Cruz, Ben Kingsley, prod. Lakeshore Entertainment

SHOP TALK: A WRITER AND HIS COLLEAGUES AND THEIR WORK, 2001

THE PLOT AGAINST AMERICA, 2004 – Salajuoni Amerikkaa vastaan (tr. into Finnish by Arto Schroderus, 2005)

EVERYMAN, 2006 – Jokamies (tr.  Arto Schroderus, 2007)

EXIT GHOST, 2007 – Haamu poistuu (tr. into Finnish by Arto Schroderus, 2008)

INDIGNATION, 2008 – Tuohtumus (tr. into Finnish by Arto Schroderus, 2009)

THE HUMBLING, 2009 – Nöyryytys (tr. 2011)

NEMESIS, 2010

Philip Roth, Premio Príncipe de Asturias de las Letras 2012
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